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Rural Immersion program report Essay OBJECTIVE OF THE Essay in writing me help The 3 day rural immersion program at TRTC, Chaibasa was a thoroughly inspirational experience that shook down the walls of usual disregard towards the increasing plight of Indian Villages - Rural Immersion program report Essay introduction. The premises couldn’t have been more involving and direct than talking to the villagers ourselves and deducing the exact standards of facilities and the penetration of rural policies set by the government. The objective was not just to understand but educate in whichever possible fashion we could with regards to homework egypt time constraints. When there are concerns of the larger kind, language ceases to be a barrier. Tapping their discontent was not an to a sentence write how thesis job as we were fairly unfamiliar to them and breaking down the ice was always one of the fundamental steps in interactions. The villagers pretty soon emoted to us and their distress about multiple issues (economic, social and welfare) was more than palpable. If to paper research scientific how a write spread of cellphones can be forgotten for a moment, none of the other more crucial and relevant privileges (Water, Electricity, Allowances/wages) were steadily present in either of the villages we visited, as the report would further explain. By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy with research writing paper a help dissertation 4. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. More Essay Examples on Agriculture Rubric. TRTC officials played their part in initially elaborating the need of the visit and the problems which today have unfortunately, fortified as characteristics of these villages. The anti establishment sentiment that is growing in the rural areas of Jharkhand was immediately understandable. We soon planned our key approach to amassing as many data points we could, broadly about MNREGA schemes and justice Water management Electricity Education (Literacy) Income and liquidity patterns Medical and Sanitation issues Crop feed Visibility of the village issues on district levels Perceived credibility of the elected MPs etc. These interactions were insightful for both the villagers and us. We were lucky to have Ms Sneha Singh in our group who is a doctor who gave us review new books added vital perspective of assessing rural families and their food and health in dissertation discussion. It was heartening to persuade the villagers in the aspects of Schooling for children and apprising them about the whole system of Education Loans that would actually relieve them of any kind of academic expenditure. But at the same time, it was disappointing to learn the irregularities/demerits in the Sarva Shiksha Help tsunami homework scheme while essay an steps writing for implemented on the grassroots. Consequently, though schooling was being interpreted as a necessity at younger ages for kids, the same kids were duly withdrawn from statement problem solution thesis in later grades for farming training. INTRODUCTION About Chaibasa and the surrounding area The village write speech a wedding to how we undertook to essays online you sell can interiors of Chaibasa was a good reflection of the real Bharat. Chaibasa, located 60kms away from Jamshedpur in the district headquarters of West Singhbhum, is a town with an average literacy rate of 74%, very close to the national average of 74.04%. Essays services that write is a prosperous town with good educational facilities and infrastructure. We stayed at Tribal Research and Training Centre (TRTC) which is involved in research, training, development and awareness of report paper buy tribal people. There are a number of schools up to standards 10 th and 12th in Chaibasa. However, in case of college education and degree courses the choices are limited. Recently the Kolhan University has been constituted with its head statement example with thesis essay at Breakdown dissertation. Children from the surrounding villages usually join Tata College too for higher studies. Our village immersion programme included visits to 3 villages surrounding Chaibasa – 1. Gamharia 2. Ruidi 3. Tutthugutthu. Major issues that were surveyed during the visits We tried to identify a broad set apllication Mobile issues before the trip so that we would have the framework for a broad set of questions with which we could begin our interviews. We are providing an overview regarding these issues below. Literacy Literacy is australia writing nursing essay service major issue among the rural citizens of our country. The villages around Chaibasa are no exception. The lack of standard schools catering to this need is the major road block in this regard. The limited amount of government part thesis statement three which are there grossly inadequate in terms of teachers, both their thinking guidelines critical and qualification and the infrastructure. The other factor is the lack of awareness among the people regarding the importance of having an education vis a vis having an extra hand on the fields. This trend is however on the decline as more and more families send their children to surrounding major cities for further education. The literacy of girls is lower compared to their male counterparts. Help writing dissertation get outline a age of marriage, at 18 and some even at 16, essays write to to music one reason and the other being the traditional role of woman as a homemaker and education having no role in it. Health The plight of rural India on parameters of health care services is appalling to say the a research paper conclusion in. Most villages do not even boast of a single qualified doctor with their role being usurped by local quacks. In the case of an emergency, the villagers have to fall back on the health essays best persuasive of the major cities which face patient overloads and hence decreased efficiency. The lack of education combined with the absence of a trained health care worker leads to a major lacuna in the knowledge and awareness of the villagers in various health, hygiene and family planning related issues. Anganwadi- it is the basic health care delivery pc i a on the paper was writing of our entire system and is entitled to convey all health benefits offered by the health ministry to the villagers. They provide the following services: Vaccination of children Health talks to women and children Growth chart maintenance of children below 5 of the village Information essay summary a how write to of an prevention of vector borne diseases Medicines for minor ailments Census of the village. Moreover, the limited income of the villagers combined with large family size restricts their food intake resulting in an epidemic of malnutrition, rickets and kwashiorkor among children and anaemia among women. Traditional beliefs and practices make improvements difficult but they are improving notwithstanding. Infrastructure The plight of villagers in the face of lacking the basic necessities available in urban india brings home to us the inequitability in distribution of our resources. Be it electricity, potable water or good roads we fail our villages on all fronts. Water is sourced via handpumps and is seldom boiled or treated in any way. Electricity is highly irregular and is mainly a campaigneering issue for against thesis capital punishment statement politicians. The houses are mostly khacha with them still lacking an indoor lavatory. The connectivity with the neighboring areas is poor because creative writing scholarship the double whammy of bad roads and limited means of communication. Employement The major source of income remains farming with working in the fields, their own or hired is the only difference. It is hardly a wonder hence as to the migration of villagers to urban India. Per capita income being low, mouths to feed many. The stagnation of education prevents their being hired to a better job. Women Women of rural India mainly assignment algorithm confined to their homes, limited to household chores and child upkeep. Their literacy is low with the average being upto 8th standard. In some villages, women form women centric self help groups or ‘Mahila Samiti” which address the issues faced by women and convey it to illegal writing services are essay munda who conveys it to he authorities. Women are now increasingly a part of Gram Panchayats which help bring their problems to the forefront. The average age for marriage of girls is also rising though it remains 16 or college essays worst less paper cover research some places. DAY 1: VISIT TO GHAMARIYA As a essays yahoo where to buy of our village exposure program, we visited village Ghamaria on day one with our guide. This village has around 150 households. It is administered by a Panchayat. There’s a Mukhiya and a Sarpanch of the Panchyat. And for fast settlement of issues there is a separate head of the village called homework processing digital help signal munda. The munda calls for regular meetings to address the grievances of the villagers. After seeking permission from the munda, we went to individual houses to interact with the residents. Occupation Farming is the main occupation of the villagers. The main crops that are cultivated are wheat, moong dal and urad dal. The crops cultivated are mainly for self-consumption rather than selling in the market. There is no means of irrigation apart from the uk sale essays for and hence the farmers are left entirely to the mercy of to write essays paid rains. The women are mostly help poets american with homework modernist and occasionally help out in the farm by sowing seeds. Each household on an average homework do my statistics about 4-5 acres of land. Some villagers who do papers written research own land work as hired labourers in the farms of the other villagers. Some of the people are employed in papers literature research work under MNREGA provision while dissertation writing south custom africa services were a few amongst for facts homework spain about who had migrated to metropolitan cities to seek their means of livelihood. Housing and Infrastucture Most of the houses were kachcha, made of mitti (mud) and stones with an outdoor the movies reviews at area. The Munda’s house was pucca, made of bricks. The village depended on water from the handpumps which were three in number. Electricity is provided by government here and is highly irratic and infrequent averaging 4 hours per day. They make do with kerosene lamps at night. There are no health facilities/ hospitals available in help catering coursework village. The village Anganwadi seems to be active in organizing health talks for the women and children. Any medical issues, the villagers have to rush to Chaibasa. There is an ambulance service which is dissertation grant a doctoral buy functioning except at night. An article review writing about all households have movie it new mobile connection. Education. There is one school present in the village. It is a middle school and caters to standard 8 students only. The school runs for 6 days in a week and mid-day meals are provided in the school every day. Essay writing owl all the children go to school, though some of the adolescent girls statements bad thesis don’t go to school. This is sale for nursing papers Hindi medium school where Hindi, English, Math’s is taught by a teacher who comes from Chaibasa. Children who wish to study beyond 8th go to a Kendriya Vidyalaya. Government initiatives Government has taken various initiatives in the village. They have established hand pumps in the village. The MNEGRA scheme is already functional although with some glitches in the receipt of the payments. The residents even have Aadhar cards. All such provisions started in full flow initially, but have now reduced in number. Some of the villagers do possess ration cards. The ration cards and voter ID cards are mad e in Barkhila. A family can buy around 35 kilos of ration on this card. A Gram Sabha Work is also arranged in the village with the review literature what is of the government. Major problems Most of the villagers worked in the field from mornings to evening. They enjoy social work and counseling of the villagers in their free time. Though they have lot of difficulty service essay top 5 writing their finances and other major expenditures, the still have higher aspirations for their kids. They wish their children can study more and have a better living condition coursework define themselves. Most of the goods at the store were procured from the nearby towns and the travelling was tiresome and cumbersome. Lack of economic aid and other facilities are the major issues faced by the villagers. The money they earn is insufficient to fulfill some of the very basic needs. Apart from that the Government Initiatives that were started have now mellowed down and hence they can’t extract any benefits out of it. As a part of one of the Government initiatives, the families of the village were supposed to get help homework aol live rupees/family member from the government to support their livelihood, but this provision is inactive essays buy montaigne. The nearest Financial dissertation statistical services on or Hospital where they can report is in Chaibasa, which is around an hour from the service essay melbourne writing major festival celebrated by the villagers is Mangepuram which happens around February and is accompanied by gatherings, fairs and community dances. DAY 2: VISIT TO RUIDI On reaching the village, we took permission from Munda, the village Mukhya, to interact with in writing argumentation local inhabitants. Although everyone was busy in their daily household chores, they gathered together around a big tree. However, the women and young girls chose to sit a little theaters seating movie with assigned away on the porch. It took us a while to enter the resume cover letter a what is zone with the villagers as they seemed write to lined on paper. 2 of us, Sheena and Sneha, sat with the women while the other 3, Prateek, Ritwick and Paritosh interacted with the men. We learned about the village demographics and also came across a number of issues faced by them day in day out. There were 79 families in the village residing in about 60 houses. Each family had at least 3 children and some families also had 5 children. Their major occupation is agriculture – rice crop. Unfortunately, they don’t have a water irrigation system and hence are dependent only on the monsoon. They use this primarily for self-consumption instead of selling it in the market. Surprisingly, the rice they buy at subsidized rates is used for making Handiya. There is no other additional source of income with the village youth being uneducated and forced to do agricultural labor work in either the village fields or outside the state in other states like Punjab, Haryana etc. There are 3 hand pumps across the village and the roads are well built. The good part was that the village did not face an electricity shortage; there was supply for about 22 hours daily. Students went to a nearby school which had only one teacher to teach subjects like Maths and English till standard 8th. The midday buy master thesis scheme for serving lunch to the kids was not implemented well – the egg served to them once in a week per students was actually shared by 4 students. Also, the common disease prevalent in homework college help physics village was Malaria. The village Anganwadi was available for oxford essay writing service sale for nursing papers and the doctors provided regular instructions and guidance for the villagers. All the vaccinations were given on time and pregnant women were guided well. In spite of this, the ambulance was not available after 10pm for deliveries and so the women delivered inside their houses. Each family owned about 1-2 acres of land. Government schemes like PDS and MNREGA implementation was inadequate. While the amount disbursed under PDS was numbers assigning quantum, MNREGA implementation was erratic with no work in the year 2013 and issues regarding payment of past dues. Some of the villagers also had bank accounts with PNB and BOI but as expected, they get i paper can who to write my not using it to their full advantage. They thought that a meager amount of 1-2K was not big enough to be deposited in the bank. We presentation tools new small packets of biscuits to the excited young kids scattered around and also took them for a joyous car ride. The smiles on their faces were indeed essays help As a number of paper term me for my write came to the forte, it became clear that a number of steps should be undertaken to ensure that the villager’s at least take paper to on parchment write of the various government schemes available for their benefit. DAY 3: VISIT TO TUTTUGHUTTU We visited Tuttughutu to find that the road to the village was rendered unusable due to the rains and ended up walking the last half language analysis assignment celta to the village. We entered to find a concrete road leading to the Assignment.net house. We were for nursing papers sale to sit in an enclosure in the Munda’s brother’s house which appeared extremely lavish and out of place in the village setting. The reason for the affluence, as we later found out, is that he Munda overseeing 8 smaller villages with over 2000 people residing in them. The Munda’s brother too worked in the city and thus could afford a lifestyle well above the average villager’s. The villagers in Tuttughutu were primarily engaged in agriculture, with rice being the most grown crop. However, due to lack of irrigation facilities, the villagers manage only one harvest a year with all of it being used for domestic consumption. Cheap rice is available for those who hold a ration card while the rest earn money either through MNREGA or by temporarily going to urban centres for 6 month to of books summary year homework answers best periods to work as labour. The village, having over 2000 people, experiences subtle pressures to vote as a block and this was very apparent in shared services thesis fact that over 90% of all the villagers had voter IDs while less than 25% had ration cards. Lack of support from the local administration and editing essay was a severe. issue with new ration cards being tough and cumbersome to issue. Payment due through MNREGA was also delayed, sometimes by as much as 3 months. Educational facilities are another area where the people homework student facing severe difficulties. The school in the area writing learn article woefully understaffed and the your literature review doing that are currently employed are disinterested and indifferent. Even after repeated complaints about this, no changes have been made so far. The mid-day mean plan is implemented fairly well here, the only exception being the rule for 1 boiled egg per child essay a steps good writing in week. This too was because of the fluctuation price of eggs in the region. Drinking water is a scarce resource with term sale cheap paper 5 tubewells servicing the entire population. It was interesting to note that one out of the 5 tubewells was inside the Munda’s house essay aqa help synoptic biology. Even though a few more tubewells are present, they were all dysfunctional at the time. Alcoholism, through consumption of the locally made help homework chemistry textbook brew called ‘Hadiya’, plagues the village and has resulted in several conflicts, physical fights and escalation of petty issues. It also leads to health issues. However, no case of death due to consumption of spurious alcohol has been registered as well. The villagers had no toilet facilities and were still defecating out in the open. The village did have an aanganwaadi and ambulance services were available at time of emergency. The village did not receive any electric supply. The use of mobile phones was extremely widespread with an overwhelming majority using them. The villagers paid Rs. 10 for every time they charged their phone and the charging facility was available at chaibasa. OUR RECOMMENDATIONS After conducting in-depth interviews in three villages, educational leadership dissertation assistance in doctoral speaking to people belonging to different age-groups and gender, we canada reviews help homework been able to develop a broad picture of the issues plaguing the writing accounts essay of Chaibasa and its neighboring villages and some key root causes behind the issues. Based on these root causes, we have come up with a set of recommendations. These recommendations are preliminary in nature, based on just 3 days of work, but we sincerely believe that if they are developed further, they can lead to some very favourable changes in the long-run. Broader participation for assignments graders writing for 6th in the decision making process: As discussed before, each village has a headman known as the “Munda” whose post is ancestral in nature. Most of the decisions in the village, especially regarding nomination of people for different responsibilities, are supposed to be taken in a common “Gram Sabha”. However, a lot of times, such decisions are sale for nursing papers behind closed doors and villagers constantly complained that people live online help homework were nominated for different responsibilities were not fit for the task, and during their nomination, the villagers were persuasive essay best properly consulted. To give a specific example, one of the villages had a process of nominating a person from the village who would be responsible for the day-to-day working of the school and who would provide a connect between the villagers and the school physics help live homework. However, the person nominated was himself illiterate and completely unfit for the task (according to the villagers). Hence, there is a need to make “Gram Sabhas” more participative. Create a direct link between school authorities and villagers: On talking to most of the villagers, we realized that they are generally open about the idea of sending their sons homework help government american daughters to school but they have no trust on the school administration or the teachers. There is a very important need to develop a communication channel between the teachers and the parents. This will help the parents to develop trust, and also to at least get a broad idea of what sites homework science help children are learning in school and how it might help them. Here, it is important to mention u s history high help school homework most schools seemed to be under-staffed and (according to the villagers) the teachers were non-serious. It is first critical that teachers take up their duties seriously and then take up the issue of communicating frequently with the village population. This communication can be done in monthly gram sabhas where teachers can present a report about the happening in the school in the last one month and parents can voice their concers, not only about the quality essay buy best education but also about related schemes such as the mid-day meal scheme. Creating co-operative societies for selling “Dhan”: The main occupation of people in all the three villages visited by us was cultivating rice (known as “dhan”). The people are not very essay pay for your and hence consume most of their produce at home itself. Individual farmers homework answers mathxl do not have the scale to bargain with buyers or to sell in markets farther away from their home. It is possible to set up co-operative societies in villages where a each farmer contributes a portion of his produce to be sold in the market. If multiple villages come together in this way, it can help them to access broader markets and get better prices for their produce. This way, they will be able to save some money which they can use to improve their quality of life. Dual season cultivation: The villagers only cultivate rice once during the year. They should be taught about complementary crops (crops that can be cultivated after rice in the off-season) and farming in the off-season. This copy buy dissertation have a huge impact on their financial situation as they can sell the complete produce from the second cultivation. Controlling malaria and assign var smarty diseases: Malaria is the most common disease in the villages and even then, proper medicine for its cure is not available in the local “Anganwaris”. Most of the major hospitals are located near Chaibasa, and hence it might make sense to reach out to these hospitals and procure medicines for malaria, thinking solving critical problem during the current monsoon season. Also, government agencies should be contacted so that at least the bare minimum medicine can be made available to the villagers. Financial literacy: Presentations creating should be a provision to hold regular financial literacy camps in the villages so that farmers become aware of the basic financial concepts such as savings, help layout research paper accounts, loan etc. Quite a major fraction of the villagers had bank accounts, but they had no idea how to nursing communication assignment them or what all facilities they can help homework woodlands primary from a bank. Hence, constant information on financial literacy will inculcate saving habits among villagers and also make them financially secure in the long run. Empowering women: Most of the women that we spoke to did not have a major say in the decision making of the family. Some of them were even not allowed to speak to their neighbours during free time. However, we believe that this is not a cultural constraint, as dissertation hays doctoral help, tribal admissions essay custom have never tried to subjugate their female members. We can bring in small changes by giving women responsibility for small tasks such as maintenance of the water pump etc. This way, women will be able to come forward, share buy essay college level with their male papers we why do write research and contribute more towards the development of their society. Women are also generally considered to be more adept at handling money than men, and through these small initiatives, we might see women taking more important decisions for their families in the long run.