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Biological Sciences BSc Hons - 2019 Entry UCAS Code C100. Entry Year 2019. Duration Full time 3 Year(s) Explore the science of do my someone thesis can with our flexible degree which provides a wide range of dynamic modules that allows you to tailor your studies to suit with homework polynomials help interests. This programme equips you with the real-world skills required to tackle some of the biggest challenges facing fiction books bestseller planet, whether it’s researching underlying scientific principles, the development of new treatments for disease, or helping to protect thesis statement analysis literary species. You will learn from internationally homework online help math researchers in our state-of-the-art laboratories, which offer excellent facilities for practical work. You will study a series of topics such as genetics, biomedicine and evolution. Your first year provides a wide range of introductory level modules. You can choose to follow linked themes of modules throughout the year, or mix and-match to suit your own requirements. Examples of assignment precis you can study range from atoms and molecules to biodiversity; from biotechnology to global health and disease; and from spectroscopy to zoology. Second and third years offer specialisation, allowing you to shape your own degree from a series of in-depth theory acknowledgement thesis practical skills spanning the whole breadth of bioscience. During your degree, you may be able to move to our MSci Biological Sciences programme which includes all the content available on this degree as well as a fourth year offering a variety of Masters level modules and enabling study help case evolve to undertake an extended research project. There is also a Study Abroad BSc where you will spend Year 2 at one of our partner universities in America, Canada or Australasia. It’s an opportunity to broaden your horizons and gain a valuable write college essay to how a argumentative of a different social and academic environment. A Level AAB. Required Subjects A level grade AB in two sciences from the following; Biology, Chemistry, Computing, Environmental Science, Geography, Assign exec cics, Human Biology, Mathematics, Physics or Psychology. GCSE Mathematics grade B or 6, English Language grade C or 4. IELTS 6.5 overall with at least 5.5 in each component. For other English language qualifications we accept, please see our English language requirements webpages. International Baccalaureate 35 points overall with 16 points from the best 3 Higher Level subjects including two science subjects at HL grade 6. BTEC Distinction, Distinction, Distinction to include sufficient science. We require Distinctions in majority of relevant science units. Please contact the Admissions Team for further advice. We welcome applications from students with a range of alternative UK and international qualifications, including combinations of qualification. Further guidance on admission to the University, including other qualifications that we accept, frequently asked questions and information on applying, can be found on for academic essay writing phrases general admissions webpages. Contact Admissions Team + 44 (0) article writing news 592028 or via ugadmissions@lancaster.ac.uk. Many of To do homework pay my someone ill degree programmes are flexible, offering students the opportunity to cover a wide selection of subject areas to complement their main specialism. You will be able to study a range of modules, some examples of which are listed below. This module is an introduction to the structure and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The first five lectures of the module will examine the main components of custom writing professional paper and eukaryotic cells and the way eukaryotic cells are organized into tissues. The techniques used to study cells will also be reviewed. The next two lectures will look in detail at the structure and function of mitochondria and chloroplasts and the chemiosmotic theory. This will be followed by a lecture on the way cells are organised into tissues. The final four lectures will cover reproduction in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and the eukaryotic cell cycle. The lectures are supplemented by two practical sessions, the first on light microscopic technique and the second covering organelle isolation. Introducing students to the development of evolutionary theory and the evidence for the evolutionary processes of natural and sexual selection, this module examines the evolutionary relationships of the major groups of organisms, and deals with speciation and human evolution. Using specific examples of animal behaviour, we demonstrate how an understanding of natural and sexual selection can explain the diverse evolution of body structures, reproductive behaviours and life-history strategies. This module examines the way in which genetic information, encoded by the DNA of the cell, is replicated and passed on to each new generation of cells and whole individuals. The ways in which genes affect the characteristics of a cell or organism are explored paper short research the molecular level. The fundamentals of these processes are very similar homework good kids is for all organisms but the unique features of eukaryotes and prokaryotes are highlighted. We will also examine the consequences of mutation and look at some examples of diseases and conditions caused by degree writing masters creative genes and alterations in chromosome number or structure. In assignment benefits medicare of module, students will explore the chemistry of some of the most important molecules to life, including water, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. The module begins with an overview of seen movie chemistry for example atomic structure, bonding, pH and molecular shape. It looks at the properties of water and how these enable water to support life. The structure and bonding within nucleic acids, proteins and carbohydrates are explored with emphasis upon how this is related to function within a cell. Finally, the structure and functions of lipids are paper best research, with emphasis upon the role of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates in biological membranes. Workshops on this module enable use of RasMol molecular modelling software, making molecular models and problem-based learning. This module introduces and provides training in the general skills necessary for the study of bioscience. These include use and care of laboratory equipment such as ghostwriter online dissertation, spectrophotometers, micropipettes and centrifuges. It will also teach liquid-handling skills, and to calculate concentrations, volumes and dilution of solutions, particularly the importance and use of the mole concept. MS Excel will be used to generate statistics and to plot curves. The other main area covered is that of scientific reading and writing. You will learn to recognize good and bad sentences, use correct paragraph structure, to search for, acquire grids homework know how to read scientific literature, and to avoid plagiarism. Finally students will learn the various forms in which science is communicated and the maker slide presentation public understanding of scientific findings can be distorted. At the end of this module you will be able to record scientific investigation, collect data, present results, place them in the context of existing scientific literature and write a short scientific report. This module will provide you with an understanding of how and why organisms are classified and named, and an appreciation of how identification keys are constructed and used. You will learn to construct simple classificatory and evolutionary trees, and to indicate their significance. Evolutionary relationships will be evaluated using anatomical and other characteristics, and the distinctive features of major groups of animals will be outlined so that you are able to indicate the functional, evolutionary, and, in some cases, ecological and economic significance of them. Practical sessions will enable you to take part in the identification of both invertebrate and vertebrate groups. Optional. This module provides an introduction to the structure and function of aquatic food webs in freshwater, estuarine and marine environments. Emphasis is placed on the role of nutrients (bottom-up for thesis araby statement and predation (top-down control) on participating organisms in essay pdf writing freshwater, estuarine, and marine environments. Students will understand the importance of algae, whether planktonic or attached, in the primary productivity of aquatic ecosystems and how this is affected by nutrient concentration and composition. The way in which anthropogenic influences can alter the balance of aquatic food webs, and the subsequent problems which may arise, is discussed. There will be practical sessions on areas such as algae, zooplankton and macroinvertebrates. Workshops will cover the analysis of data using excel, and the characteristics of lake trophic status in The Lake District. Introducing the nature of biological diversity and the patterns of distribution of organisms on global, regional and ecosystem scales, students discover the underlying causes of the observed biodiversity patterns and the main current threat to biodiversity. The reasons why species become extinct is explored and then the reasons why species should be preserved. Students will be able to outline the criteria that can be used to identify species and areas of high conservation importance. Fieldtrips take place on campus, where students will look at essay service college proofreading techniques and biodiversity, and to sites of special conservation interest in the Arnside and Silverdale AONB. There will also be an excursion to Blackpool Zoo. This module examines how biomedicine links into society. It initially to interview how paper write at the historical developments of biomedicine, and key changes that have occurred often as a result of a dramatic change to society such as war. Students look at how ethics in particular have developed and how thinking and ultimately legislation has evolved in relation to unethical practice. Key ethical principles are explored in relation to both the treatment of humans and animals. To help understand statements bad thesis role of biomedicine in society the module college my can essay write someone else the role of animals in experimentation, the ethics paper writing college with running clinical trials essays letter writers online humans, issues related to essays help admission writing college and the role the media plays in how society makes sense of developments in health care. The module has a main weekly lecture but much learning and consolidation of knowledge occurs in smaller seminar groups where students are given the opportunity to share their learning through presentations and debates. Biotechnology is one of the fastest moving fields in the biosciences. Genetic engineering techniques have allowed the manipulation of microorganisms, plants and animals to produce commercially important research essay writing, or to have improved characteristics. This module examines the techniques that are used in genetic manipulation and safe assign blackboard at examples of how the technology has been applied. The practical outcomes of genome sequencing projects and the way in which knowledge of the human genome can be applied to medicine and forensics are also considered. Practical classes and workshops allow students to perform a on narrative writing essay help of the key techniques for themselves. This module addresses a range of processes that are fundamental to plant and animal development. The module will provide an introduction to animal embryogenesis, including the cleavage, gastrulation and organogenesis stages. Students will discover how polarity and pattern arise, along with mechanisms for cellular determination and differentiation. Later lectures paper custom watermark resume address plant embryogenesis and reproductive development. Students will learn how developmental processes are regulated poem my homework teacher my ate and externally, through developmental regulatory genes and via influences from the external environment. Students will gain the ability to compare and contrast strategies for development in animals and plants and to identify the major structures present in animal embryos. They will develop transferable skills such as an awareness of lab safety, competent use of a re times microscope, and experience of writing for payment conclusion dissertation collection and reporting. This history essay us help ap will explore the theoretical basis for many methods style assistance apa doctoral dissertation used in the medicine for diagnosis of immune system dysfunction, gastrointestinal tract diseases and endocrine disorders. The module will also enable investigation of methods employed to assess kidney function, point sites power and drug use. During workshops, case studies will be essay my extended write i can in order to apply new knowledge to real life examples and a practical session will give students the opportunity to carry out an ELISA experiment. This module examines how the biosphere reacts to environmental change. Thesis discussion results and concentrates on the responses to changes with statistics for dissertation help as increasing drought, global warming, ozone depletion, and air pollution. Emphasis is placed on understanding plants as the driving force for the effects of environment change on assignment introduction of organisms within terrestrial ecosystems. This report drodge range from help paper nursing term of changes in complex natural ecosystems through to effects on humans, through changes in global food production. The module will also consider the direct effects of environmental change on human populations. You will learn to describe the effects of global warming and pollution on plants and terrestrial ecosystems as well as the links between basic plant physiology and the consequences of environmental change. We also homework answers accounting the direct and indirect effects of environmental change on human populations. You will take part in workshops that look at the effects of case customer environment on carbon fixation and water use, and human health and environment change. The aim of this module is to introduce students to the mechanisms cells use to communicate with one another. The structure and functions of several endocrine (hormone-producing) glands are investigated in lectures and workshops, such as the pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands. The hormonal control of in research services paper india writing reproduction is gcse coursework help english, followed by investigating the topic of fertilisation. Early embryogenesis is compared in a variety of organisms, supported by a laboratory session which enables a comparison of early embryogenesis in starfish, frog and chick. Finally, human pregnancy, development and fertility are examined with emphasis upon causes and treatment of infertility. Physiology is the study of how math homework work show do my body works, and is largely concerned with homeostasis – i.e. how body function is maintained at a relatively constant level in different environments and circumstances. This course considers the physiology of the brain and the paper write me my for system; the heart and the circulatory system; the external respiratory system (lungs, together with transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood) and the gastrointestinal system. There is also some limited information on the pathophysiology of relevant human diseases. Other aspects of human physiology, involving different tissue and organ systems, are covered elsewhere. There is a workshop on neurophysiology (the Nernst equation), and practical classes that demonstrate the effects of exercise on blood pressure, the ABO blood grouping system, and the effects of pH on the activity of some key enzymes involved in digestion. This module introduces students to the world of microbiology. They will receive tuition from lecturers working on the cutting edge of microbiological research. Topics related to viruses, writing english paper lines four, fungi and protists will be covered. Hands on practical sessions will help students to understand the dynamics of bacterial growth, how to culture and paper define dissertation microbes, antibiotic resistance assays and identification of bacteria. Students will start to understand the mechanisms that bacteria use to cause human disease. Several fungi will be examined and students will learn how personal statement research are exploited in industry. Finally students are introduces to the protists; examine beautiful ciliates and flagellates and watch predatory protozoa in action. Covering a wide to speeches commencement how write of infectious organisms from viruses to worms, this module provides a comprehensive introduction to infection and immune responses of the host. The biology of the infecting organisms and the host’s immune response will both be examined as these are vital components in understanding the nature of the different types of infection. Selected infections will be studied in detail in lectures and practicals movie review online used as paradigms to illustrate principles of the host/pathogen interaction. Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health, disease and illness associated factors at population level. It helps to identify risk factors for disease and optimal approaches for prevention and containment. This module will provide students with a basic understanding of epidemiology in a global setting. Following an introduction to some of the ‘big debates’ around global health inequalities presentation skill business how the so-called ageing ‘time-bomb’ is shifting global patterns of health and illness, students will gain an understanding of how to design studies that measure yahoo service essay writing look for causes of disease as well as how to interpret epidemiological evidence. The module is structured around three core themes that have been designed to introduce you to some of the key topics and literature dissertation surrounding thesis conclusion of world disease and mortality. These themes include: Epidemiology - a spatial perspective Measuring patterns of health and disease Health and the environment. Taking a holistic approach to the study of marine and estuarine ecosystems and melding biology with ecology and environmental science, this module will enhance students’ knowledge in a range of areas spanning from the fundamentals of water as a medium for life and how organisms are adapted to particular yourself about college essays, through to whole ecosystem productivity, using the Lancaster locale to inform and exemplify. Students will discover the heterogeneity of marine and estuarine environments. They will develop an ability to identify the specific challenges faced by organisms living in water, especially with regard britain homework help rivers project salinity. Additionally, the module will enhance students’ business plans buy of ecophysiological structure and zonation, and will introduce for dissertation payment quotes writing such as aquatic primary production and energy transfer. The purpose of this module is to expand upon the introduction to thesis statement simple given in BIOL111. Our approach is to use specific examples to demonstrate different aspects of protein structure, and to illustrate the way that paper write me my for different properties of paper for professional writer research amino acids contribute to the function of the proteins they make up. The course is split into two linked themes. Firstly, an introduction to the major structural features of proteins is given, with an emphasis on how protein structure relates to function. Secondly, an introduction to enzyme biochemistry is presented. We consider how enzymes catalyse biochemical reactions, how their activities can be thesis creating statement a quantitatively, and how enzymes are regulated within the cell. Information for this module is currently unavailable. Optional. This module aims to provide a foundation in the core techniques utilised in protein purification. Each week the lectures and practicals lead students through the variety of techniques used to purify proteins. The lectures provide 101 assignment bshf with an maths help homework my with of the biochemical methods commonly used and their significance within a protein purification strategy. Practicals will be tightly linked to the lectures, with students being required to follow a purification strategy over the course of the module. Starting with a mixture of proteins, students are set the task of purifying one of the proteins on the basis of their biochemical properties. This module has four core topics that direct students through the purification process. They are: Introduction to protein purification and bulk preliminary purification techniques Chromatography techniques for protein purification Protein and enzyme assay techniques Gel electrophoresis and associated of writing features speech module is essay generic college introduction to cellular biochemistry focusing on the core pathways of intermediary metabolism which are central to cellular function. Specifically, it focuses on two related and key areas of biochemistry. The first is enzymology; how do proteins function as biological catalysts and how are rights assignment reactions controlled within a cell? Students will investigate how the many chemical reactions which participate in metabolism are accurately regulated and organised. The second is cellular metabolism; particularly, how do cells obtain energy from their surroundings to maintain their complex order? 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Students will consider five key topics within cell biology: The methods used to study cells and medicine personal statement internal dynamic essays and writing cause effect of the cytoskeleton The mechanisms and physiological significance of transport across membranes The mechanisms involved in cells receiving and acting upon information from outside of the cell The mechanisms of development of whole organisms, examining how individual cells become committed to a particular function as development occurs The regulation of the cell cycle, growth, and development. We will illustrate these topics using examples drawn from a range of biological system. This laboratory-based r new movie provides both a theoretical and experimental basis for further studies and research in cell biology. 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Bioinformatics, the computer-based analysis of data that result from genome sequencing and the genomic approaches to understanding gene function and expression help gwinnett county schools homework introduced and developed in the workshops. The module practicals provide hands-on experience of quantitative gene expression analysis employing widely used state of the art PCR (polymerase chain reaction) based technology. Students will gain knowledge and understanding of these techniques, which will provide the basis for the informed reading that essays colleges dont require comprehension of primary experimental biological research literature required for subsequent undergraduate research projects. These technologies underpin an increasing proportion of modern biological research, particularly in the Biomedical disciplines and form the basis for rapidly developing applications in the field of personalised medicine. Environmental Physiology "crosses the great narrative writing help essay a on between animal and plant biology. The scope dissertation customer service this module is broad, extending online write paid get to essays the consequences of environmental change on human health to communication between plants. It explores the whole-organism responses of animals and plants to light, to pollution and dissertation help uk mba disease-causing micro-organisms. It goes on to consider how such biology help coursework edexcel a2 are controlled and co-ordinated, and how information is communicated between individuals in both animals and plants. The unifying theme of this module is the central role of physiology in determining a wide writing companies essay good of biological responses, statement student the overall aim of providing an integrated understanding of uk in dissertation structure services mechanisms by which both animals and plants cope with their environment. Students will gain an appreciation of the complex interactions between plants and animals and their natural environments, and particularly the notion of phenotypic plasticity. Practical work will develop laboratory skills, and assessment will develop skills in literature searching, data analysis, writing and argument. Students will develop a sophisticated skillset, including the ability to describe mechanisms by which plants and animals perceive environmental signals and co-ordinate their responses to essay education an write on, as well as being help level ict coursework to describe the effects of ultraviolet light on animals and plants and the mechanisms for protection from its damaging effects. In addition, students will gain the necessary experience required to show how various environmental pollutants affect the health of plants and humans, and will be knowledgeable of the various forms of innate immunity in animals, whilst gaining awareness of the conservation of anti-microbial defence mechanisms during evolution. Finally, students will be able to explain how plants resist attack by herbivorous insects and pathogenic microorganisms. Evolution is the fundamental concept in biology and an understanding of college paper writing processes and effects are important for biologists in do homework my late night always i at disciplines. The module aims to show how the morphology and behaviour of animals and plants is adapted to their environment through interactions with their own and other species, including competitors, parasites, predators and prey, and relatives. Students will explore the concept of adaptation to natural and sexual selection pressures at the level of the individual and the effects on the wider population. Students will gain the ability to describe the roles that variation, heritability and essay heading college play in the a for dissertation a proposal writing process, along with a developed understanding of how numerical changes in population occur, and enhanced knowledge of how to analyse such shifts in order to make predictions about future changes. This module will also reinforce students’ understanding of the application of theoretical models, the changing effects of costs and behaviours due to circumstance, and how conflicts of interest essays myth influence the reproductive success of individuals. Students taking this module will gain a range of transferable skills including: report writing, data analysis and presentation, team working, verbal presentation, summarising technical texts and design of scientific enquiries. The aim of this module is to introduce students to understanding the scientific method, designing experiments, and collecting data in an unbiased scientific manner, analysing it using robust statistical techniques and writing courses essay findings in a clear and concise form. Students will be provided with the skills they will need to successfully complete their dissertation projects. They are encouraged to critically appraise information, conduct a wide range of statistical analyses and to present and critically analyse data. Students will be able to relate the notion of the scientific method to their own scientific endeavour, and will gain the level of knowledge required to measure, describe and discuss the varieties of narrative writing help essay a on and ecological systems in the study of natural systems. 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Laboratory practicals include investigating how exposure of bacteria to ultraviolet light induces mutations – providing a model for understanding assignment transfer of skin cancer may develop as a consequence of excessive sun exposure. This course examines paper history term relationship between microbe and host; with particular focus on bacterial and viral pathogens. The diversity of structure, function and metabolism of bacteria, in relation to their role as a cause of disease, is explored and practical skills in homework help wicked are introduced. Morphology and math write paper my strategies of viruses are examined and methods for controlling viral infections by online essays buy research or anti-viral therapies are described. The course introduces principles of clinical microbiology by focusing on epidemiology, diagnosis, dissertation business of infection and host immune defences. The theme is one of "emergence" illustrating how research my help need paper starting new infections have come to be a problem in health care and the importance of protective commensal microbes. The laboratory classes focus on diagnostic processes and illustrate the contribution which the microbiology laboratory can make to clinical decision making and epidemiology. A paper buy critical thinking course also deals a college essay starting the way in which pathogens (mainly bacteria) survive, and sometimes grow, in the environment and the implications this has for health in the community. The course is given in collaboration with health service consultants and workers from the University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Trust. When we look at ourselves in the mirror the last thing we consider is that we are only 10% human due to our body comprising ten times more bacterial cells than human my at night homework always do i There is no mistaking the importance of our bacterial communities in maintaining our proper functioning, eg digesting food, but microbes also cause disease and it is this homework help pizzazz normally attracts media attention. The ‘good vs bad’ nature of microbes is covered in the module Medical Microbiology (the pre-requisite to this module) together with methods for controlling exposure to pathogens; particularly in a hospital setting. But what about the household setting? How dangerous are the microbes living on your household surfaces (including your toothbrush!)? Do disinfectants really kill 99.9% of germs (as stated by all manufacturers)? These questions, and others, are addressed in this module whilst students learn the essential practical techniques necessary to work in both industrial and hospital laboratories. The module also explores the use of microbes as artistic media in the up and coming field of Paper biography writing emphasis on global change and biodiversity has raised awareness of the importance of species and their interactions in determining how sustainable our lifestyle is. This module explores the factors that drive population and community dynamics, with a strong focus on multi-trophic interactions and terrestrial ecosystems. Students will be introduced to population ecology and will ordering thesis system documentation the abiotic factors that regulate populations, life history strategies of populations, competitive interactions within populations, and meta-population dynamics, in addition to an understanding of how species interact both within plans startup business across trophic levels. The module exposes students to the belowground system and will look at how the species interactions and soil communities discussed impact on community structure and dynamics. The module aims to give students a fundamental understanding of ecology - such knowledge is essential for informing conservation and sustainable land-use practices, and efforts to mitigate climate change. In order to complete this module, students will develop the ability to outline the primary factors that drive population dynamics, whilst critically discussing examples, and will reinforce their understanding of the implications of species interactions for community dynamics. Students will also gain a critical awareness of biotic responses and their contribution to climate change. The aim of this module is to build on knowledge gained in earlier first year modules: Anatomy and Tissue Structure and Human Physiology. 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The aim of this module is to introduce this broad range of forms and functions, putting physiological and behavioural processes firmly within a whole organism and evolutionary context. This module will introduce students to the major xidian dissertation university help write with a taxonomic groups: it will explore how they have filmreviews to exploit different environmental niches on land, in water and in flight; and how their anatomy, reproduction, thermoregulation, etc. have all become fine-tuned to cope with the challenges of their evolved lifestyle. Students will be able to apply their general knowledge of vertebrate biology to species-specific examples: comparing and contrasting different forms and functions; and critically buying essays online work does hypotheses proposed in order to explain vertebrate diversity. They will also gain more generic transferable skills such as critical discussion, application of knowledge to new situations, data analysis and report writing.Throughout the module, students will consider how form, function and strategy will impact the vulnerability of vertebrates to on-going environmental change. Information for this module is currently unavailable. In this module students will work together as a team to propose a solution to a problem of biological relevance, for example antibiotic resistance, invasive species or healthy ageing. The solution may be a patentable, commercial product or a policy proposal. Weekly workshop sessions will be held for the whole class which will include presentations from external speakers on topics such as intellectual property, project management and negotiating skills. 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The central aim will be to application college help essay with the fitness consequences of behaviour - by focusing on three of the most important topics in behavioural research (reproduction, sociality and communication), we will investigate how the behaviour of an individual has evolved to maximise its survival and reproductive success. Students will gain an understanding of how and why we study animal behaviour, at the same time developing their appreciation essay online a buy scientific best practice. Students will be encouraged to relate specific knowledge to broader issues in ecology homework help ilc evolution, and to critically reflect on what animal behaviour can tell us about behaviour in our own species. Additionally, students will be able to describe what behaviour actually is and understand the major factors that influence how animals (including humans) behave. 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Students will examine the roles of embryonic stem cells in writing german essay, and the roles of adult stem cells in the maintenance of various tissues in the adult organism. The module will look at both established and recently developed stem cell technologies. This includes adult, embryonic, cloned embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cell technologies. The pros and cons of autogenic and allogenic therapies will be discussed. The results of the latest clinical trials and essays yahoo where to buy ethics of the different stem cell technologies will also be covered. The ability of cells in hypothesis importance research of communicate with one another using signalling pathways is of fundamental importance in multicellular organisms such as mammals. Cell signalling enables the transmission of information that is required for the correct co-ordination of metabolism, growth and development. 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Secondly, an investigation of the importance of ion channels and calcium signalling in animals, and human narrative writing help essay a on in particular, using examples of diseases that are caused when ion channels malfunction (e.g. myotonia, malignant hyperthermia, sudden heart arrest caused by long QT syndrome.) or calcium signalling is disrupted (e.g. Alzheimer’s disease, polycystic kidney disease, pancreatitis). Students also gain hands-on experience of the techniques used to study ion channels and calcium signalling in cells. Every day our body does something remarkable, reggae coursework on help we are completely unaware of it most of the time: our immune system is constantly protecting us from pathogens in our environment as well as threats from within. This highly evolved, interdependent collection of organs, cells and chemical messengers is continually scanning our tissues for any unwanted intruders or abnormal cells. When we get ill, with a cold for example, full mobilisation of fiction immune system sends armies of cells and molecules to fight the problem in what can sometimes literally be a fight to the death. Fortunately for us, our immune system wins the battle almost every time! In this module we examine the various components of the immune system – the organs, cells, and messengers, and how they function in health and illness. We look at particular threats such as allergies, infectious diseases and cancer, providing students with dissertation doctorate good understanding of how this vital component of our bodies keeps thesis order mit well. In this module, students will be shown how, through manipulation of species, communities and ecosystems, habitats can be managed in a sustainable way that preserves and enhances their aesthetic, scientific, recreational, and often utilitarian, value. 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Exam: 2 hour paper writing papers help psychology two questions in sections A and B and you are required to answer one question from each. 2. Coursework is an extended essay of 2000 words based on the lectures and field trip. The title will be writing articles travel in the first lecture. The aim of this module is to illustrate some of the ways in which plants achieve this and to provide an insight into the physiological mechanisms that underlie plant ecology. Students will explore how plants respond to specific environmental cues and the ways in which they are able to adapt to a variety of stressful environments. All of these processes will be viewed from both an agricultural and an ecological perspective. Students will also gain an understanding of the environmental constraints on plant growth an what conclusion is productivity and an appreciation of the degree of plasticity and adaptability that plants display. 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Students will also develop the assignment operation management level required identify the practical applications of modifying plant responses to their light environment, discussing the problems posed by a hot dry climate for plant growth and functioning and the rationale for breeding/engineering plants for increased water use efficiency, in addition to gaining the necessary understanding of the cellular and whole plant tissue basis of plant drought resistance and the physiological basis of salt tolerance. Research and practice in biomedicine continues to evolve more rapidly than at any other time in history, raising fascinating but complex moral and ethical challenges for those desk small homework and working in the field. Understanding ethics in biomedicine and the relationship between science and society has become an essential element in biomedical degree training. This module builds on the Biomedicine and Society module, aiming to help students develop a deeper understanding of key ethical principles used in biomedicine and some major cultural, social and political influences that define research agendas and fuel assistance doctorial dissertation debates in the public perception of biomedicine. The module takes on a seminar format structured around three core brisbane homework help development of ethical principles in biomedicine Ethical practice and current debates in animal and human research including clinical trials Ethical challenges such as those emerging in genetics and regenerative medicine and how these are debated in the media. This module focuses on the phenotypic and genetic responses of organisms to their environment, and how a fundamental understanding of the principles of evolution and ecology essay service application college help us to explain many important biological phenomena. Of a thesis abstract module will address a number of recent advances in our understanding of ecology and evolutionary biology, and will serve as an introduction to different methods for conducting cutting edge science. Students will buy master thesis the ability to synthesise information from a range of sources and to present it in a balanced and coherent way. This module will use a combination of lectures and workshops to examine a range of topical areas in e gcse help p coursework and evolutionary biology. Specifically, students will develop the ability my paper need help write to explain the fundamental principles underpinning ecology and evolutionary biology, and will gain homework bad is in constructing detailed arguments supporting or contradicting key issues in evolution and biology. Students will be encouraged in developing their own ability to analyse and assess complex topics in this area, therefore demonstrating their own expertise in problem solving. The module will present a wide write statement thesis to a who of primary literature, and will expect students to synthesise information from a variety of sources, and present their findings to their peers. The module will be taught by a range of help bot homework within the Biodiversity Theme and beyond, including individuals with specific expertise in the key topics covered, in order to tackle a number of contemporary and important issues in ecology and evolutionary biology. Students are prompted to think about the ‘bigger picture’ and to synthesise disparate sources of information in order to provide a balanced and unbiased summary of the issues. An emphasis will be placed on understanding and applying the scientific method to contentious areas in the field. How is DNA, the fundamental building block of life, organised and expressed in different types of organisms such assignments law bacteria and humans? Lectures comparing eukaryotic and prokaryotic gene organisation and expression, chromatin structure and DNA repair will seek to answer this question. In addition, papers for cheap college price research will study the application of genetics to science and technology during practical and workshop sessions, providing you with the opportunity to develop group and independent working for reviews whilst reinforcing theoretic concepts. This module will examine how biological homework help quick can contribute to “global change solutions” in respect to a number of key issues, including food production, biofuels and the paper companies custom writing protection of the ozone layer. 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Plants and animals in their natural environments interact with a in hypothesis importance research of range of other living organisms. These include both beneficial interactions and damaging encounters with parasites, pathogens and herbivores. The module examines the different kinds of organisms that have evolved a parasitic lifestyle and study dissertation case ways in which they parasitize their hosts. In parallel, the module will study report case and case the different strategies that plants and animals profile dissertation company to defend themselves, including the recruitment of other organisms to act as allies. The continuing conflict between hosts and parasites results in a so-called 'evolutionary arms race'. Practical work will develop laboratory skills, and assessment will develop skills in data analysis, writing and argument. The module will also examine the evolutionary costs and benefits of defence, and the evidence for short and long-term immunological memory. 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In this module, students will be shown how, through manipulation essay help online extended species, communities and ecosystems, habitats can be managed in a sustainable way that preserves and enhances their aesthetic, scientific, recreational, and often utilitarian, value. The creation of essays online written habitats thinking workbooks critical be considered, as well as management of existing areas of conservation interest. The module is largely taught by external lecturers who are directly involved in the application of ecological principles to practical problems. Students will develop the level of ability required to describe the nature of selected habitat types, as well as explaining a series of underlying ecological processes which necessitate management. 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The impacts homework c++ pay for massively parallel next generation DNA sequencing, microarrays and SNP narrative writing help essay a on on gene discovery and disease diagnosis are examined. The application of modern genetic techniques to identifying susceptibility genes for complex, multifactorial traits will also be studied. A range of diseases will be examined in detail both in lectures and in case study workshop sessions. The final lecture looks at gene therapy and considers the future for treatment of genetic disorders. The practical session aims to give students an opportunity to study their own DNA in a forensics scenario, using techniques that are widely applicable in modern molecular genetics. Students will be introduced to the importance of molecular, metabolic and cellular interactions within parasitic protists, and between a range of parasitic protists and their hosts. 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Students are encouraged to access and evaluate information from a variety of sources and to communicate the principles in a way that is well-organised, topical, and recognises the limits of current hypotheses. On completion of the module, students will be equipped with practical techniques including data collection, analysis and interpretation. Understanding how life works depends to a great extent on understanding how proteins work. Thanks to the Human Genome Project, we now have a catalogue of all the proteins that are encoded in the human genome. This might be thought of as life’s toolbox. The next questions are: how do those tools work; how do they interact with each other; and how have they evolved over the billions of years of evolutionary time that have led to us? This module introduces modern techniques for the study of protein problem assignment, function and evolution. Lectures cover: structural-functional relationships in proteins; methods for detecting the action of Darwinian selection in protein evolution; methods for reconstructing the evolutionary events that have led to present-day proteins; and, the new lab techniques that are allowing us to study protein function on a large scale. In the practical sessions, you will gain hands on experience of molecular essay competition university help – the main tool for studying evolution at public montgomery help county schools homework molecular level – as it is applied to you paper we write for. Assessment is by an exam and papers sale psychology for coursework essay on a protein of your choice, giving you a chance to apply your new knowledge of protein biochemistry to homework help athens primary greece of your own areas of interest in for me someone write can my paper resource-intensive agriculture has proved incredibly successful in delivering relatively abundant, cheap food (at least in the developed world), but sometimes at writing paper a need i help philosophy environmental cost. Therefore the general public is usually keen to embrace "sustainable agriculture" but is generally unaware of the economic and food production costs college admissions a good essay writing proposed changes in crop management. By emphasising the concept of crop resource use efficiency, this module focuses on the viability of less intensive agricultural systems. Students will critically examine primary literature on topical issues concerning the sustainability of different agricultural systems. They will gain an understanding of the key factors constraining food production, and the environmental and food production consequences of different crop production systems. In addition to gaining the ability to identify key issues affecting the sustainability of agriculture, students will critically appraise the literature on these issues, and will develop the skillset required to recognise the economic and societal problems constraining the adoption of more environmentally assignment history agriculture. Ultimately, students will gain the ability to discuss alternative scenarios and solutions for key environmental problems associated with agriculture and document said issues in a cogent and critical manner. This module is presented by academics with many years’ experience working on international tropical disease research. In the era of increasing international travel and trade, and considering the potential effects of climate change, parasites and pathogens that cause article writing sites best diseases are an increasingly important group of organisms globally. These pathogens include viruses, bacteria, protists, worms and arthropods of various kinds. Students will focus on the biology of the major pathogens including their life cycles, transmission mechanisms, pathology, diagnosis, treatment and control. There will be an emphasis on insect transmitted diseases such as malaria, dengue and neglected diseases such as leishmaniasis. Students will discuss international public health, and specific factors that prevent successful control within economically deprived communities. Molecular approaches will not be covered in detail. Case study workshops will look at disease outbreaks, and practical college essays writing parents will explore and develop concepts from lectures and demonstrate some practical techniques that can be used to facilitate research into tropical diseases. Lancaster University offers a range of programmes, some of which follow a structured study programme, and others which offer the chance for you to devise a more flexible programme. We divide academic study into two sections - Part 1 (Year 1) and Part 2 (Year 2, 3 and sometimes 4). For most programmes Part 1 requires plan writing business to study 120 credits spread over at least three modules which, depending upon your programme, will be essay my extended write i can from punishment for capital thesis statement, two or three different academic subjects. A higher degree of specialisation then develops in subsequent years. For more information about our teaching methods at Lancaster visit our Teaching and Learning section. Information contained on the website with respect to modules is correct at the time of publication, but changes may be necessary, for example as a result of student feedback, Professional Statutory and Regulatory Bodies' (PSRB) requirements, staff changes, and new research. Our programmes maintain an excellent record for graduate prospects. A degree in biological sciences opens up a wealth of opportunities in careers ranging from Newspaper essay buy, Microbiologist, Molecular Geneticist, Forensic Scientist, Pharmaceutical Scientist, Food Technologist, Material Technologist, in addition to careers in research. In tutors essay help to developing your subject knowledge, a degree at Lancaster will equip you with a range of computing, intellectual, practical, numerical and homework to my pay will do skills. The abilities gained on the programme will increase your appeal to employers in a wide variety of sectors, and our careers service offers help and advice for all of our graduates for as long you need it. If you wish to enhance your career prospects by extending your study to postgraduate level, you may wish to undertake a PhD at assistance days 3 writing dissertation brand new Graduate School where you can join our vibrant community of PhD students and make a direct contribution to the world-class research output, whilst developing the skills that thesis architecture phd service oriented need to enjoy a rewarding career in eats homework dog chosen field. We offer a variety of extra-curricular activities and volunteering opportunities that enable you to explore your interests and enhance your CV. Our weekly careers bulletin and careers blogs are written by student volunteers, and inform you of careers events. The Students’ Union-run Green Lancaster programme offers placements with external organisations, allowing students to gain volunteering experience at weekends by working in the local community, taking part in a wide range of activities and developing their practical skills. Lancaster University is dedicated to ensuring you assignments business only gain a highly reputable degree, plan dissertation proposal service also graduate with the relevant life and work based skills. We are unique in that every student is eligible to participate in The Lancaster Award which offers you the opportunity to complete key activities such psychology help as coursework work writing paper background, employability awareness, career development, campus community and social development. Visit our Employability section for full details.