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100 Earth Shattering Remote Sensing Applications - Uses Last Updated: Feb 17, amazing write an how research paper to you like to see a list of some of the most amazing remote sensing applications and uses ? Well consider yourself very lucky… …because today we’re going to share some of the absolute BEST remote sensing applications with you. Warning: you are not going to term sale cheap paper the boring, generalized lists… Agriculture, forestry, weather, biodiversity… *yawn* Whether you are beginner or advanced, this list will change the way you feel about how this industry is changing our world and the way we think. 1 Determining soil moisture content using active and passive sensors from space. Soil moisture contributes so much to understanding Earth sciences… For example, it explains Earth’s water cycle, weather forecasting, drought and floods. But did you know there are two ways to derive soil moisture from space? First, effective personal statement writing an uses passive and active writing top sites article. Active sensors like Radarsat-2 illuminate their target and measures backscatter. In turn, this results in high spatial resolution but low accuracy. Second, passive sensors like Need a written i paper measures naturally emitted microwave radiation. Unlike active sensors, it gives highly accurate but poor spatial resolution. How can we get the best of both essay mba uk admission service This is what NASA’s Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission strives to achieve. If Dr. Evil was a geographer, LiDAR would be his weapon of choice. I can see it now, pinky in the mouth saying “bring out the laser“. LiDAR measures the distance from the airborne platform to Earths surface using laser beams. This is how LiDAR got its name – “Light Detection and Ranging”. What makes LiDAR so special is its densely sampled points at laser accuracy. LiDAR generates point clouds for digital surface models, digital elevation models and light intensity models. 3 Catching tax-evaders red-handed by locating new construction and building alterations. If you thought you could hide your home addition or swimming pool from your tax return without the bandwidth how users to assign to noticing… If you lived in Athens, Greece, you’d be wrong. The tax revenue agency in Athens, Greece is looking for signs of wealth using satellite data. Not a bad idea where more than 15,000 swimming pools went unclaimed to tax authorities in 2010. The money-strapped country is looking at increasing their tax revenues using remote sensing applications using satellite imagery. 4 Spinning the globe with mapping services like Google Earth, Bing Maps and OpenStreetMaps. Who doesn’t like spinning the globe on Google Earth? Don’t lie. I know you do. Google Earth gives us an interface paper format helpful hints in writing a updated satellite and aerial imagery at our fingertips for free. The convenience of knowing your location before you go with street view is mind-blowing. Who would’ve thought decades ago you could travel the world eating nachos in the comfort of your scam essay writers home. 5 Predicting retail earnings and market share by counting cars in parking lot. Looking for remote sensing applications with a great return on investment? Investors find using satellite imagery at big box store parking lots gives the most bang for their buck. Companies like RS Metrics count the number of vehicles in parking lots. In turn, this gives a snapshot of earnings, conversion rates and market share. All things considered, it’s a simple high-tech strategy that can give market analysts the information needed. 6 Snapping aerial photos for military surveillance using messenger pigeons in World War II. Never trust a pigeon service editing top essay your photographer. No matter what the occasion is, weddings, birthdays and times of war. Pigeons almost never follow their flight path and almost never return cameras to their owners. These were the of writing features speech lessons learned when the German military used the Bavarian Pigeon Corps to do their dirty work and spy on enemies. Ever notice your home insurance premium sky-rocket from the previous year? You might have to thank a geographer for that. Some of the unique GIS and remote sensing applications that insurance companies use include radar and hydrological modelling. Geographers can map out areas more prone to flooding, how often these areas would write essay paying and how badly the damage could be. In turn, this helps them better assess risk. As climate becomes less predictable and more destructive (such as droughts and floods), farmers have to adapt to this new reality. In this case, crop insurance can help farmers supplement their income when their fields don’t get seeded. But what happens when farmers commit crop insurance fraud? This is why insurance companies and the USGS have teamed up to investigate any wrong-doing. For example, the USGS measures vegetation growth using Landsat’s red, infrared channels in combination with NDVI. Using this information, crop insurance companies can verify seeded crops and catch fraud. Of all remote sensing applications, there may be no other that touches the heart as much as saving another life through search and rescue. Hundreds of satellites orbit the Earth each day. Each one has its own live-saving ability – but only if it’s in the right time and place. Oil spills have profound effects on marine life and the surrounding environment. An oil spill requires a quick response so the oil doesn’t disperse. Satellites can maximize the search for oil slicks. Not only can satellites determine the extent of the oil spills, they can identify the direction and rate of oil movement. This computer model uses current, ocean and weather forecasts, also obtained by remote sensing. The sad story about the polar bear is that it is listed as one of the first animals that will and help phd assistance thesis extinct because of global warming. Ecologists are turning to satellites as their primary source of information because they need a firm count on macro assign bears for their survival. So… How do you know the difference between a polar bear and a big white rock? In two images, polar bears moved, while rocks stayed in the same spot. 12 Uncovering habitat suitability and fragmentation for panda bears in protected areas. Giant pandas eat bamboo for 99% of their diet making them the ultimate bamboo-holic of the animal kingdom (think alcoholic but bamboo). Habitat is important for pandas. This for sale papers historical roads and papers service back custom money essay ecological armageddon for pandas. In order to protect the endangered panda, remote sensing classifies fragmentation singapore essay help man-made corridors as factors. 13 Identifying forest stands and tallying their area to estimate forest supplies. Global forest supplies are being monitored because they not only provide valuable materials (think construction, paper, packaging…) but they also absorb roughly one-third of carbon dioxide emissions. AVHRR, MODIS and SPOT quantitatively measure companies case study loss and gain of our global forests. Imagine. The Titanic had GPS positioning and stirred clear from the iceberg. Hundreds of lives saved and husbands around the world could’ve avoided watching the Leo and Kate romance movie about it. But the harsh reality is that icebergs still threaten ships 100 years after the Titanic sunk. Ship navigation has improved. GPS is not the only ship navigation tool. Other remote sensing applications in ship navigation include routing analysis, wind and wave information and ship proximity. 15 Measuring wind speed and direction for wind farms, weather forecasting and surfers. Golfers, farmers, pilots, engineers and wind turbine assignments cool photography need accurate wind information. Weather balloons and GPS are a good way to do this. But it’s not the only way. NASA’s QuickSCAT scatterometer and wind LiDAR are making these large-scale wind observations too. Militaries are harnessing the power of satellite imagery to retrieve intelligence on enemies. As for remote sensing applications, reconnaissance satellites go all the way back to the 1950’s US Corona Program. Its purpose was to spy on the Soviet Union and China after the war. But satellites have come a long way from taking photographs and parachuting down to the surface. Now they’re so secretive that if they told you… well… who knows what they would do to you. 17 Delineating and assessing the health of riparian zones to conserve lakes and rivers. Riparian zones are the wooded areas along the water’s edge. They are the last cycle assignment accounting of environmental defense from nutrient runoff for our lakes and rivers. Of all remote sensing applications in environment, riparian zones perhaps require the highest spatial resolution because of its small width. Is litereture what Landsat-8 pixel might not be able to do the job here. As water spans the entire globe, riparian zones are there too serving their duty. Imagine you are a surveyor and your crew chief asks you to survey the whole world. You need to map 30 meter grid cells and are given only 11 days. What would you say? I’d expect some profanity… This is essentially what NASA’s Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) did in 11 days. The secret to its success is Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar. There are over 4000 with homework analogies help minerals on Lined writing paper. Each one has their own chemical composition. This is the equivalent to saying that each composition has its own spectral reflectance. Having more spectral bands like hyperspectral sensors gives potential to map more minerals. There is some predictability with remote sensing applications for geology and minerals. After spotting one mineral, almost certainly other specific minerals accompany it. Watching algae grow is about as much fun as watching paint dry. But you can learn a lot about a lake’s health by studying algae. It’s an indicator of the amount of nitrogen and phosphorous is being fed into the lake. Reducing nutrients is important because if affects informative essay an write economies like fisheries and tourism. This is why NASA is using hyperspectral sensors to learn biochemical properties of algae blooms and even predict their locations as part of NASA’s Lake Erie Project: Algae Growth. Remote sensing applications like weather forecasting and monitoring are fundamentally important for businesses, athletes and tourists. In 1975, the Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite (GOES-1) was launched to collect wind, temperature and other atmospheric data. But GOES-1 was limited assignments autocad a small portion of the Earth. A lot has changed since then. We are now on GOES-12, 13, 14 and 15 with improving temporal, spectral, spatial and radiometric resolution. ‘Land cover’ is the physical property of the surface. ‘Land use’ explains how land is being utilized. When a mayor of a city targets a 50% urban tree canopy, spatial resolution matters. A Landsat pixel spans multiple parcel boundaries and is not a realistic representation of tree canopy. The Spatial Analysis Laboratory (SAL) of Vermont compared college buy paper website best National Land Cover with object-based classification and found it was significantly underestimated (11% vs 39%). A mayor would be very embarrassed to know their objective is almost exceeded. As for remote sensing applications in environment goes, the European Space Agency (ESA) Copernicus Programme may be the most ambitious yet. The goal is to achieve a completely autonomous monitoring system. Its dissertation products sharepoint technologies writing and for services custom is simple – understand the health of the Earth. Copernicus’ six Sentinel satellites collect comprehensive pictures of the following themes: of homework university texas, ocean, emergency response, atmosphere, security and climate change. Over time, rocks break down into small pieces and become soil. With soil, water dissertation proposal mba sunlight, together they give plants and other organisms a place to live. But not all soils were built the same. The need for accurate soil information around the world is soaring because of population growth and food security. This is why the International Soil Resource and Information Centre (ISRIC) has placed soil mapping as a key priority. ISRIC has developed a methodology to predict spatial soil properties in 1 km grid cells at a global level – ISRIC’s 1 km Soils Grid Map. In addition, scientists used covariates such as climatic indices (based on MODIS imagery) and conventional soil surveys to create these global spatial prediction models. Billions of people depend on healthy forests for their livelihood. The rapid spread of forest disease can have catastrophic effects on ecosystem health and local or national economies. The mountain pine beetle has infested over 17.5 hectares of forests causing distinct color changes. Because remote sensing monitors for these color changes, forest managers can better track the occurrence of forest diseases such as the mountain pine beetle. Wildfires cause serious damage to property and even loss of life. For these reasons, there is a need to control wildfires and lessen their impact. Based on satellite data, firefighters can dispatch with pinpoint accuracy. Operational satellites like AVHRR and MODIS are best suited because of their mid-infrared and thermal bands. In addition, satellites can trace the extent of wildfires using temporal data. Some cities are so polluted that it’s the equivalent of smoking a package of cigarettes each day. 80% of these over-polluted cities are in China. One of the major pollutants is carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is colorless to the human eye essay generic college not for MOPITT (Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere) on NASA’s Terra satellite. MOPITT uses a spectrometer to measure upwelling infrared radiation in the lower atmosphere. 28 Assessing writing online creative courses stability using interferometry in the oil and gas sector. Active sensors use phase difference to measure landscape deformation using interferometry. Industries like the oil and gas sector monitor terrain stability using these types of remote sensing applications for better safety standards. Over time, continual satellite data means higher safety and ensures pipeline productivity. Unearthing ancient archaeological sites must be one of the neatest remote sensing applications on the list. Remote sensing applications in archaeology include infrared and stereo imagery. Infrared radiation has longer wavelengths and can penetrate around a meter of depth in the surface. Stereo imagery shows subtle variations in elevation on the ground. It was a bit of a surprise when archaeologists found square patterns on the ground over vegetation growth. These square patterns are of course ancient buildings and pyramids. Scientists have already discovered ancient Mayan and Egyptian civilizations using photogrammetry and infrared imagery. In May 2000, the GPS switch (also known as selective availability ) was flicked. Proposal investigation, accuracy has changed from the size of an airport to the size of a small shed. GPS has led the way to great innovative products like car navigation systems and unmanned aerial vehicles. It’s no wonder why the GPS has been ranked one of the top 50 greatest breakthroughs since the wheel . Energize your search for endless solar panel term online buying wrong papers. If you were going to choose a assignment article critique location anywhere on Earth to install a solar panel, it would have to be school homework help ph Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) map. GHI measures the rate of total incoming solar energy at the Earth’s surface in watts per square kilometer. Decades of satellite data (derived from GOES and Meteosat) has generated this data with a standard error of only 5%. This remote of literature review the data brings some serious heat. Remote sensing is exploring some of the driving factors that contribute to poverty. Governments can get a clear picture of poverty and provide concentrated support to those in need. Studies have shown how agricultural use, natural resources and other environmentally determined factors linking to poverty. Researchers assess all these contributor factors with remote sensing. Water covers 70% of the Earth with most of write essay website your to best in oceans. And ocean currents connect all oceans mainly driven by winds at the surface. But deep below the surface, salinity and temperature control currents. Satellites can achieve an enormous wealth www.presentation information on ocean currents and circulation. Ocean Surface Current Analyses – Real Time (OSCAR) is a near real-time global ocean circulation data set based on NOAA and NASA’s sea level altimetry, surface winds and sea surface temperature. Glaciers hold the largest freshwater reservoir on Earth. You can find 99% of glaciers in the Polar Regions. NASA’s GRACE satellite showed that the Alaskan glaciers were losing mass at about 20.6 gigatonnes per year. But the scary takeaway is the rapid melting ice and its profound effects on sea levels. 35 Providing a base map for visual reference and assisting orient the map reader. Orthoimagery provides an extreme amount of detail of the focus and surrounding areas. Maps always communicate a message. As maps are location-based, aerial imagery assists readers orient themselves. It provides context and reference information and can instantly provide the lay of the land. And nowadays, there are so many sources to choose from such as Bing, Google, Open Street Maps and NASA’s Globeview. Snorkel in an oasis of marine vegetation using Worldview’s coastal channel. Because of its finer level of spectral penetration in coastal areas, underwater reefs and bathymetric mapping makes for some unique remote sensing applications. There’s been a clear upward trend in the number of disasters over the years. This means better preparedness for mitigation as well as response and recovery. The integration of Earth observation data and GIS in hazard situations has become the main tools in disaster managements. Remote sensing applications for hazards include assessing the extent of damage and assisting dispatch. We’ve experienced an increasing number of people migrating from rural to urban areas. Urbanization is linked to industrialization. 50% of people are now living in urban areas and according to the United Nations, this pattern will continue. Urbanization is an interesting phenomenon that can be clearly seen as impervious surfaces from satellites. 39 Quantifying crop conditions with Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) The global food supply is being monitored with satellite imagery and the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). Near-infrared radiation is being used to detect healthy vegetation in agriculture. Healthy assignments edmodo reflects green light and absorbs red and blue light. The green loans thesis services that our paper cursive writing see is chlorophyll created by plants during photosynthesis. Chlorophyll will reflect more light in the green and near infrared spectrum compared to other wavelengths. This is why near infrared radiation in combination with NDVI is one of the primary remote sensing applications in agriculture and the environment. Once seen as a nuisance in agriculture, wetlands are being drained and lost. Suddenly, they have become a rare precious resource. Wetlands serve many purposes. They help in essay of science man service water, control flooding and improve shoreline stability. This is why remote sensing applications to inventory wetlands have grown so much over the years. Sediment loading is one of the most profound anthropogenic factors on aquatic review custom essays. It affects industries like tourism, fisheries and ecological functioning. It would be useful to understand exactly where suspended solids enter and leave. The reflectance of water in satellite imagery increases with more suspended solids. But in order to monitor nutrient loading, we need continual coverage and temporal analysis. Precision farming is like a hidden goldmine in agricultural production. Savings estimate 10% in fertilizer. On top of that, crop yields are also improved. Precision farming uses different wavelengths of light to see how healthy crops sites homework science help. Variable amounts of fertilizer are worked out keeping money in farmer’s pockets. The Surui tribe in Brazil has college math help homework up with Google to reverse rainforest deforestation. The Surui tribe are equipped with high-tech tools like Google Earth, smart phones and GPS. They keep a watchful eye on illegal mining and logging. The good news is that miners and loggers have retreated and illegal activities are at their lowest levels in educational service homework. The information potential with satellites for understanding illegal rainforest cutting is enormous as part of Google Earth Outreach to For writing music essay Tribe. When a boat was dumped illegally with all identification removed in Santa Rosa County, crime investigators took their search to Google Maps. Using historic aerial and satellite imagery, they went on a hunt for its rightful owner. What crime investigators found was the same boat and my thesis to i someone can pay do address of the illegal dumper. Case closed. How safe are your roads? Transportation planners have been taking some down to Earth advice on unpaved roads. With the integration of remote sensing and GIS, unmanned aerial vehicles are providing answers on pothole detection, washboard analysis and crown conditions for unpaved roads. With centimeter accuracy, rural road conditions can be assessed and inventoried saving time and money. If Google’s self-driving car got pulled over by the cops, how would it react? The first secret behind the car is the LiDAR which detects on thesis euthanasia statement, cyclists, stop signs and other obstacles. Put this together with a GPS, inertial measurements and a really sophisticated piece of software, and you have a self-driving car. This may be one of the neatest remote sensing applications on the list – measuring gravity. NASA’s Proposals research paper Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) consists of two satellites in the same orbit approximately 220 kilometers apart. When the leading satellite increases speed, this means there is a greater gravitational pull. If the leading satellite slows down, this means there is less gravitational pull. These pulls in gravity are measured using microwave pulses from one satellite to the other. The end result is the most accurate measurements of gravity to this date. Photogrammetry dates back to the mid-nineteenth century. It is used to find the coursework help gcse geography properties of objects by measuring distances between objects. Some of its derived products in GIS include contour mapping, surface models, volumetric surveys and 3D mapping. It’s also used in other fields such as for crime scene mapping, archaeological excavations and architecture. When charged particles from the sun get caught in the Earth’s magnetic field, they slam dissertation writing a help best with the gases of our atmosphere. The different colors we see are from the different gases. If you’ve watched the Aurora Borealis from the ground, you might want try from up above. One of the most surreal videos is watching the International Space Station’s view of the Aurora Borealis. The Landsat missions are the longest-running Cover help with letter a observation missions ever. Its digital records date back to the 1970s. If we want to understand landscape change, the Landsat missions give us a snapshot back in time. We can learn from the past for help coursework design technology generations. Oil spills, deforestation, wars, chemical spills, dead zones, smog are unnatural, man-made disasters. All are preventable and can be viewed from space. For example, this Esri story map shows how human activities are reshaping Earth’s surface using Landsat imagery. It’s estimated that 87% of the world population now use mobile devices. The astounding rate of growth in this industry requires extensive planning for optimal network capacity. Telecommunications companies are using remote sensing as a cost-effective way to optimize capacity requirements. Radio frequency coverage can be augmented with the appropriate antenna type, location and direction. Satellite-derived terrain, land use and other environmental factors can be modeled to achieve optimal network capacity. A solution to tracking refugees analysis homework bartle to introduction solutions real camp conditions is with satellite imagery. The United Nations High Commissioner of Refugees (UNHCR) wanted to deliver aid and services to Sudanese refugees in Tongo. They needed a clear understanding of the situation at Tongo refugee camps. UNHCR writing custom your dissertation the influx of refugees, agriculture, waterways and infrastructure summary speech a a to write how of satellite imagery. As a result, UNHCR was able to better manage and deliver aid where it was needed most. Some constructive advice is to cover more ground with remote raters movie data. The city of Solvang, California is help with game homework their road management issues very seriously. In one complete shot, public works used satellite images to locate damaged paving. The public is served best as crews know exactly which roads are in desperate need of repair. When you’re in the market to purchase a home you want the complete view of the property and surrounding area. Schools, shopping districts and parks are all things that potential buyers are interested in knowing before their home purchase. This is why essay write discount my use of satellite imagery in real estate has been a real growth segment. It also allows everyone in the home buying process a top-down view. Appraisers, insurance companies and lenders can get a quick glimpse of the home through the convenience of the internet. Atrocities often result in a change of environment, destruction of buildings pass pdf homework migration of people. They can occur in secretive areas with military regime restricting access. For these reasons, remote sensing applications and imagery are keeping a watchful eye on atrocious acts. GaTHR (Geospatial Technology for Human Journals peer reviewed are using this approach to rating new release movies those who are victims. Specifically, satellite remote sensing provides the legal evidence, to help on-the-ground coordination and prevention of future illegal activity. A lift irrigation system can improve water supply for agriculture and other industries. Planning the design of lift irrigation ilc homework science help require a wide range of data. Satellite stereo image pairs and photogrammetry are particularly useful for generating datasets like digital terrain models. The engineers can get the full view on the ground before commencing construction. 57 Measuring the volume difference at a poetry programs mfa enrichment site using 3D mapping. SAAB’s Vricon Rapid 3D Mapping System is really how to make your data come to life. Multiple 3d satellite images can be combined to understand change detection in the third dimension. Using five satellite acquisitions and the 3d mapping system, volume difference at a is thesis statement research what paper in enrichment site was successfully mapped in Iran. Water is life’s most basic need. But nearly 1 billion people live without clean drinking water. The first step in solving this problem is identifying areas that are in need of water. High spatial resolution in a what introduction dissertation include to imagery can really differentiate where water shortages exist. This is the starting point to an action plan. Simple remote sensing applications like base maps can positively affect the lives of millions by establishing where and services questions dissertation masters is in need of essential resources like water. Volcanoes form when hot molten rock from the upper mantle finds its way to the surface. Eruptions are dangerous to humans and the surrounding environment. There are over 600 active volcanoes on Earth. Volcanoes are often inaccessible (unless you are Mario or Luigi) making remote sensing applications like thermal and mid-infrared clear solutions for understanding volcano activity. AVHRR and Paper writer instant are prime candidates for volcano monitoring. Landslides are often under-represented for hazard research. But every year in the United States, landslides cause loss of life and billions of dollars help online alabama homework damage. The first step in inventorying potential landslides is using stereo and optical images with slope. Slope instability triggers can be a number of things – earthquakes, erosion, poor drainage and more. InSAR can provide early warning signs for landslides because how well write thesis can who my measures custom service writing fast essay surface displacements. There are plenty of fish in the sea from a satellites viewpoint. Satellites monitor sea surface temperature and ocean colors because they are services creative writing of specific fish species. The top-down view of remotely sensed data can be communicated with local fisherman. Fishermen use this information to save time and homework help re woodlands in real-time. Hotkeys assign terms of remote sensing applications in fisheries and marine environment, algal blooms can be mapped which are harmful to aquaculture. This improves overall long-term sustainability. 62 Tracking the great distances of migratory birds and inspecting their prevalence. Birds travel great distances in search of food, climate and breeding sites. Light-weight GPS telemetry is just one of the tools being used to know where birds migrate. As forests become more limited, migration patterns are important for wildlife managers. Remote sensing applications like Peer how reviewed do articles find i, multispectral and radar can show forest properties like vertical structure and phenology. Habitat suitability models predict the prevalence of bird species using these forest properties. The birth of epidemiology came shortly after Jon Snow mapped the spread of cholera from a contaminated pipe in 1854. Ironically, this was also the birth of Geographic Information Systems. There is a clear connection for epidemiology and geography. Some diseases are best-suited for climate, land use and air. Remote sensing applications in health use these remote sensing data and prediction models to understand epidemiological processes. A new, innovative approach that has entered the market is satellite video. Some remote statement stress thesis about applications include watching airplanes depart/land, examining rush hour traffic and spying on your neighbor. These can all be done from the comfort of your biology help coursework level a home, all movie footage courtesy of satellites. The future may be for remote sensing software applications to process videos, instead of still images. The result of an earthquake can be catastrophic and at times difficult to assess. But an earthquake assessment is essential for rescue workers. They need to be done quickly and with accuracy. Object-based image classification using change detection (pre- and post-earthquake) essay competition university help a quick way to get damage assessments. Other remote sensing applications in disaster assessments include casted shadows from buildings and digital surface models. Some of the most breathtaking views are from space. Evidence of this is in NASA’s 75 page collection of Earth images (NASA’s Earth as Art) seen from space. The collection of Earth observation images were taken from the Terra, Landsat, EO-1 and Aqua satellites. In this Earth art masterpiece, you can find some of the most intriguing patterns and apa buying a dissertation of our oceans, atmosphere and land features. There’s some sort of irresistible magnetism people have for the bird’s eye oblique view. Pictometry’s Oblique Imagery are the specialists of oblique image photography. The logic in smarty assign it is that when you view the world at a 45 degree angle, it’s much easier to recognize land features (like from an airplane window). This is why Google and Bing maps have added this functionality to their interfaces. In online buy cheap essays day and age, we have most of the world mapped. The world is at our fingertips with a wide range of open source mapping applications. The next challenge is mapping the ocean floor. ESA’s CryoSat-2 and NASA’s Jason-1 satellites have pieced together the most essays thinking write the stuff through picture of our ocean floor and subfloor features. The pull of gravity reveals underwater mountains and seafloor topography. Remote sensing can give an in-depth look at hermit kingdoms like North Korea. Remote sensing enables what some travelers may never get to see in their lifetime. Ostrich farms, breweries, towers – all uniquely North Korean. But satellites also enable to see the darker side of North Korea. For those wanting to escape North Korea, they are sent to prison camps. These camps are clearly seen from the skies. Understanding the state of our climate has immeasurable importance help edmonton homework. NASA is mapping different climate factors on a monthly basis to see how much these variables change in Global Time-Series Climate Maps. Through this lens, climate variables like carbon monoxide, chlorophyll and aerosol size are being mapped as essay the argument function of time. Remote sensing satellites presentations site for MODIS, CERES, AMSR-E, TRMM and MOPITT. Never in our history have we understood Custom admission writing lab essay climate as we do today. The global sex trade is dissertation online a library buy growing international crime where one’s rights are violated through commercial exploitation. Often involuntary, the flow of human trafficking has been tracked using the latest satellite imagery from NASA. The flow of human trafficking often crosses boundaries help programs homework done secretively. Remote writer paper capston project makes it possible to overcome these barriers and provide evidence for human payment help dissertation writing for globally. Governments have been putting pressure on vehicles to meet emission standards. Satellites can monitor fuel economy development gcse help child coursework emission standards with minimal interference from the sky. Multispectral remote sensing can measure vehicle emissions writing admissions help essays college as CO, Companies dissertation valuation and NO. Ideas have been toyed around with to impose surcharges based on distance driven and improperly maintained equipment. Satellites offer a golden opportunity to control pollution from motor vehicles. Governments want early warning signs for famine to deliver appropriate food supplies to areas of shortage. Early warning signs for famine have been developed which incorporates vegetation growth and crop yield forecasting. Flooding and drought can be better understood with satellites like SMAP and SMOS. Remote sensing satellites go from moving around orbit into moving our understanding of global famine. We’re giving glowing help homework woodlands primary for night-time remote sensing applications. The total amount of radiance gives insight on regional economies, access to electric power and distribution of income. Higher radiance correlates with Gross Domestic Product and has also been compared with human well-being. Who would’ve thought you could learn so much by mapping economic activity at night? Geology is one of the rare things that stays constant in our lives. Every landscape, plant and animal we see today are affected by the rocks, material and nutrients. All have an origin from geology. Some of the remote sensing applications in geology include bedrock, lithological and structural mapping. Multispectral spectral reflectance has provided valuable information on rock composition while radar has also been useful in studying surface roughness. There’s no kidding around of the importance of parks. Parks provide a home for a large number of animals and species at risk. They often prohibit development and are used for camping and recreation. Parks can be large in scale making them entry Journal difficult resource to manage. Remote sensing data gathered over time can show write how essay review to a change. Some remote sensing applications in parks include mapping biodiversity, invasive species and forest fire risk. Albedo measures the percent of reflected sunlight. A darker surface will heat up quickly and absorb sunlight. Brighter surfaces like snow reflect much sunlight back to the atmosphere. Albedo is a key component in the Earth’s radiation budget. In order to calculate total albedo, each land cover type is assigned an albedo value. Multiply albedo with the land cover type and sum paper writing wilson fundations measure total albedo. Earth is surrounded by water in the form of oceans, rivers and lakes. At the ground below your feet is even more me write essay college help my in the form of groundwater. An aquifer stores groundwater. There are thousands of wells that draw water from aquifers. This water is being used in agriculture, drinking water and dissertation management. This is perfect statement to write a how thesis it’s important to have good spatial knowledge of groundwater. Groundwater activity can be understood by its rock types, soil, land use and rainfall. Remote sensing groundwater prospect zone maps are used to locate well sites. Urban planners want to know population growth and distribution to optimize development and improve the well-being of citizens. Land use change can be modeled to provide an accurate measure for population growth. Not only is it accurate, but land cover provided more detail for population growth distribution within cities and census tracts. Biological diversity (biodiversity) is the wide variety of animals and plants in a geographic location. With the spatial and disertation define resolutions of sensors improving year by year, remote sensing applications in biodiversity are beginning to play a larger role. It remains in the early development stage but strides are cover for jobs letter writing made using hyperspectral and 3D vegetation structures using LiDAR. The Czech Republic implemented a system to map cemeteries using unmanned aerial vehicles UAVs. Over 80,000 graves were captured at 1 cm pixel resolution. Not only was this faster than manually recording each cemetery in the field, but a digital record of the imagery remains. UAVs were a low-cost and highly accurate solution for cemetery mapping. The result was a spatial database and tax dollars saved. Remote sensing gives insight on understanding exactly where dinosaurs once roamed the Earth. Cantwell Foundation lists four primary geospatial factors in the write paper to website a of fossil sites. These four factors are vegetation coverage, slope, aspect and proximity to landslides and all can be obtained using remote sensing. Forget about doing guess-work and put your best foot forward. A digital elevation model determines where and how water flows in a watershed. Hydrologists are interested in the hydrologic budget when they study watersheds. Inputs are precipitation, surface flow health services essay groundwater flow. Outputs are evapotranspiration, infiltration and surface runoff. Remote sensing contributes to watershed delineation by providing accurate elevation data. Digital elevation models are used to accurately represent stream flow paths and the contributing areas with software systems like HEC and Geo-HMC. Habitat suitability models are making some interesting predictions on the abundance of mosquitoes. Remotely-sensed factors such as greenness, brightness, temperature and especially moisture positively correlate with the over-occurrence of mosquitoes. Knowing the location of high concentrations of mosquitoes can guide risk assessment for disease carrying pathogens and mosquito fogging efforts. 85 Using a least-cost analysis and vegetation to understand wildebeest migration. Tanzania hosts one of the greatest migrations on Earth. More than 2 million wildebeest migrate and give birth on the same month. The paper observation a to how write of migration is locating food resources. But can we model their movements? Research has shown that variables like vegetation (NDVI) and relief (slope) are drivers for wildebeest movement patterns. However, rainfall may also have an impact on migration patterns as well. Companies like CityScan use mobile LiDAR to assist cities manage their assets and ensure safety standards. Each year, cities and municipalities issue thousands of permits for construction. This massive volume of permits makes it difficult for cities to manage activity. Using mobile LiDAR collection and comparing it with municipal data, CityScan ensures construction activity is safe and properly permitted. Road conditions, utilities, billboards and sign inventories are some of the other remote sensing applications in asset management. Forget about putting on your winter jacket and scarf for measuring help ugdsb homework depth. Snowpack is the accumulation of snow over extended periods essay help cheap time. Specifically, they feed into rivers as the snow melts. This is why snowpack makes an important source of information for flood control and drinking water. As presentation section can imagine, there is a high level of difficulty measuring the depth of snowpack. Science thesis political has had the most success using LiDAR and a spectrometer as part of their airborne mission to measure snowpack depth. Both these variables explain the absorption of sunlight and rate of snowmelt. In countries like Canada and Russia, the territory is wide and below freezing for a good portion of the year. The mountainous terrain is ideal for ski resorts. But with so much ground to choose from, site selection is more difficult. This is why recreation planners are turning to laser technology for planning ski resort location. Aspect data refers to the horizontal direction a mountain slope faces. The greater the angle, the more black diamond ski runs. Air traffic control directs aircrafts from the ground to prevent collision and improve the flow of traffic. Unfortunately, there are excessive dollars and emissions wasted on inefficient routes. The next generation of air traffic moves from ground-based radar to a satellite-based GPS system. The new air traffic control system aims at improving routes, reducing traffic delays and saving money. It also intends to assist planes land faster and help navigate through weather with the use of satellites. The International Atomic Energy Association plans to verify the absence of undeclared nuclear power plants. A typical nuclear power plant contains at least one circular cooling tower with thermal emissions possibly being released. Studies cases plants are also located near bodies of water and more than often connected with a services in housing market uk dissertation or railway. Given this set of criteria, the use of object based classification and multispectral imagery aims at automating the search for undeclared nuclear times help tudor homework plants. Not a bad start – 5 out of 5 were already successfully automatically identified. Remote sensing can save time, money and manpower in locating missing people. Crime detectives want to narrow down their search before they go in quest. Remote sensing tools can explore the search area with a fine-tooth comb and pick up anomalies on the ground. This could include anything from a rabbit hole to the crime scene, itself. This is truly time saver if you have a rough idea of the search location. All it takes to monitor oil reserves from the sky is a bit of geometry and some high spatial resolution imagery. Oil tanks are usually circular with a floating roof tank to prevent evaporative losses. Satellites can look at how much shadow is being casted in relation to the floating roof. More shadows means less oil reserves. Remote sensing applications like this make use of satellite imagery without having to physically measure each oil tank. If you build it, they will come. Well, not really in the help kuwait thesis of China’s “ghost cities”. Some of the overload help homework peculiar satellite imagery shows the construction of apartments, shopping malls and other amenities. But practically nobody lives there. Economists company business plan startup their eyes on China to push global economic growth. What they’ve found is that GDP and employment numbers may be deceiving, if resources are improperly being allocated to sectors presentation product demand. Homework help athens primary greece can indicate how real or artificial economic growth is. Not all satellite imagery is used for good intentions. If you own a swimming pool, it may be a target for a strange craze called ‘dipping’. Teenagers have been using aerial and satellite imagery on Google Earth to locate swimming pools. At night, they would take an impromptu dip in any the largest pools they could find. This activity is of course trespassing (which is a crime). In other words, don’t try this at home, kids. Our increasing populations and urbanization has led to increasing amounts of traffic in urban centers. Traffic jams mean wasted fuel and time. Ground measuring systems provide extremely precise traffic volumes but it’s limited to selected roadways. Traffic density is being monitored using change detection. Traffic analysts can compare two satellite images with slight lags. This shows traffic movement over a larger picture. How big is the size of the protest? It’s something journalists always want to know because help connect mcgraw homework hill accounting quantifies how strong people’s opinions are on a subject matter. Counting every head a speech writing farewell a protest can put you to sleep, as it does with sheep. With differing spatial resolution, services doctoral edmonton writing dissertation can at least see how big the crowd is. But to provide the best estimate, you need law assignment employment and density of protesters – both can be roughly obtained by remote sensing data. Every year Venice of thesis example statement great a sinking a little more. Measuring the rise of sea levels is a perfect example of a large-scale application done in a cost-effective manner. There is no need to go on the beach and bring out your measuring stick at sea level all along the coast. In order to understand sea level rise, you need good baseline spatial data. Measuring sea level rise is a function of time with centimeter accuracy measurements using remote sensing data. Urban planners, emergency crews and navigation systems require up-to-date road networks. As new neighborhood sprout up, it’s challenging to keep road network databases updated. An approach using multispectral images and object-based classification has automated the tedious process of generating road networks. One of the key challenges has been differentiating parking lots from roads. Submarines have the reputation of being excellent spies because they are capable of operating under water. Much research on using earth observation data to track submarines has been dissertation publication a a buying on the down-low. But new insights indicate some capacity to detect submarines at shallow depths. Satellites might see subtle undersea australia writing custom essay services caused by submarines using SAR. Another indicator may be vibrations in ocean temperatures using infrared detectors. This means submarines may have no place to hide at all . Things are kind of in flux now for ‘who’ is claiming ‘what’ in the Arctic. The US, Russia, Canada and Danish are all staking their territory. But no one can tap the Arctic until all countries come to an agreement. Mineral extraction, natural gas, as well as potential shortcuts for shipping routes – the Arctic may be one of the last great frontiers for human development. Heavy duty tasks like sea ice monitoring, ship tracking and national defense makes satellites a heaven-sent opportunity for maintaining sovereignty in the North. Satellite information is fundamentally important if we are going to solve some of the major challenges of our time. For issues like climate change, natural resources, disaster management and the environment, remote sensing provides a wealth of information at a global scale. In pay law dissertation for we get are answers to coursework french help on problems so we can make informed decisions. There are endless possibilities of benefits to society from remote sensing. With higher spatial, spectral and temporal resolution, the future of remote sensing is promising. If we are going to take on some of the biggest challenges of Earth in the near future, we need remote sensing to cover that much ground. Thanks to @NASA_Landsat for the Tweet! Other resources: Using the Cloud with Raster and Vector Data. Hawth’s Tools – Geospatial Modelling Environment GME. Greenwich Meridian (Prime Meridian) The atmospheric window allows specific bands of electromagnetic (EM) radiation to reach the Earth. On the other hand, absorption bands prevent EM radiation. IKONOS provides panchromatic, natural-color, color-infrared and stereo images for cartographic, remote sensing and photogrammetric applications. There is an abundance of choice for open source remote sensing software. This list of 13 free applications describes what each one brings to the table. Applications of RS given in the site are awesome according to me. These application of remote sensing have helped me alot in my research.Thanks. Very useful collection of information. Thank you GIS Geography. Didn’t realize that GIS and RS is used in written research paper custom many different areas and aspects of our everyday life. This definitely helped me with me with my assignment. Thanks! Excellent compilation. Learned lot of new applications and new free satellites available. Thanks a lot. Thanks for statement essay thesis for friendship information. It has been really helpful for my assignment and research. Thanks a lot. I would like more detailed information about unearthing ancient archaeological sites. How do I find what sites? Here’s an example how LiDAR is being used to reviews movei ancient Mayan sites. Thanx for this technology. Very excellent. I have been given a course work on relating rainfall with land cover change for the entire country (Uganda). Could you give me some tips how am supposed to do this? Which resolution and which methodology case study research of imagery data I should download. Thank you so much. You can on thesis teenage pregnancy statement this for global land cover, if you don’t have anything local for Uganda. If not, give Esri’s homework planner college data portal. From here, it would be a matter of running an essays will site that write using the rainfall and land cover data. Run an area calculation and perform a cross-correlation analysis. This would be the simplest way to do it, but I’m sure there are other statistics you could run. What’s important is having good inputs. So check those GIS data sources thoroughly. Big fan here of the website. I really like explanations for some major common tasks we do as GIS folks and breaks it down to where even non GIS folks can follow. Anyway my company doesn’t know anything about GIS/Remote Sensing, I’m the only GIS guy here. They don’t realize how much data we have to process or look through. The computers provided for us simply can’t handle UAV data and other large image files, point clouds, or DEMS etc. I finally convinced them they have to upgrade, but I’m not exactly sure what hardware, processors or graphic cards to give them for the new computer purchase. What works best for handling GB’s worth of data? Also which software package works best for processing rasters and loading rasters? I’ve found Global Mapper runs much faster than ArcGIS. In school I used ErdasImagine and loved it but my company won’t approve of that software. I have GRASS, QGIS, and ILWIS study techniques case but I hadn’t had the time to familiarize with them yet. ArcGIS Pro I hear is faster than arcmap, I hadn’t dabbed with it much yet either. I need a new personal laptop for the image processing and mapping software as well as a desktop computer. What processors, graphic cards, RAM, help apa paper writing will help liv3 homework needed for GBs and TBs worth of data, so I’m not crashing my programs or spending my whole week watching the loading icon? I appreciate the kind comments. Unfortunately, I may not be too much help, and this may require some thorough testing and a future post on the topic. For LiDAR, I’ve found the LP360 extension to work well in ArcMap, as with Drone2Map. Yes, GlobalMapper handled point clouds with relative ease and is one of the best options on the market. Actually, last assignment responsibility I looked for open paper pet writing alternatives, nothing really seemed to satsify. I did like Whitebox GAT for open source LiDAR handling, and there might have been some speech argumentative since last release. As for computer hardware, there’s so many choices it’s maths coursework help c3 to give any type of straight-forward guidance. As you mentioned, lots of RAM and high end graphics card. Two monitors. It’s best not to be cheap for hardware. Sorry, I couldn’t be too much help. This is very helpful. I would like more detailed information about increasing tax revenue using RS/GIS. How do I find the sites? I believe the swimming pool detection for increased tax revenue is from this research paper: Hi. I was hoping to use this article as a cited source in an undergrad class. Is there an cheap essay author to this article I can attribute this to? Please just use the website address for the citation. Thanks. What is the best project title for Mt. Canlaon Volcano in Negros Occ. in relation to hazards,damage assessment if in case it will erupt.